Department of Shalya Tantra is situated in the "Dhanvantri Bhavan" of Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Total area of department is approximate 7000 Sq. Feet. The Department of Shalya Tantra initially in the name of Shalya- Shalakya was started in the 1963 with a view to impart Postgraduate teaching/ training and conduct higher research activities for the first time in country. Till that time, Shalya was not considered as independent subject for Ayurvedic studies in any Ayurvedic college. Beside there was no any facility for the postgraduate studies in this subject in the country. Shalya has been almost forgotten branch of Ayurveda so far as their education and practices at the Institutional level is concerned until it was revived in the form of department at Banaras Hindu University. The department has made substantial contributions in the fields of Ano-Rectal Diseases, Wound Management, Urinary Disorders and Fracture Healing. The personalities of highest order of academic excellence like Pro. P.J. Deshpande, Dr. P.S. Shankaran, Prof. L.M. Singh, Dr. S.N. Pathak, Dr. S.B. Pande, Prof. K.R. Sharma and Prof. G.C. Prasad have served this department.